Intestinal helminthiasis in children in a suburb of Lagos, Nigeria: Evaluation of risk factors and habits

CK Onwuamah, JO Okwuzu, N Idika, E Meshack, T Gbajabiamilaa

 

Abstract

Various risk factors have been known to predispose children to intestinal helminths infections. We evaluated the impact of multisectoral risk factors on infection prevalence in school children using questionnaire and stool examination.
Pupils’ hawking habits, schools, classes, antihelminthic prophylaxis, parents’ occupation and mothers’ educational status were the significant risk factors identified. Logistic regression identified four of the aforementioned factors, age, sex, disposal of excreta and/or septic tanks overflow into open drainages as factors influencing prevalence in this population. Irregular deworming probably reduced the effect of prophylactic use of antihelminthic on prevalence. Hawkers (odds ratio = 3.78) and pupils living in faeces contaminated environs were identified as at risk groups.
Public enlightenment campaigns on worms’ infestation control strategies, including the reduction of environmental contamination with faeces should reduce intestinal helminthiasis in these children.

African Journal of Clinical Experimental Microbiology Vol. 8 (2) 2007: pp. 107-113

Antimicrobial susceptibility of neisseria gonorrhoeae isolated from patients attending private clinics in Zaria

ED Jatau, OS Olonitola

 

Abstract

A total of 125 Neisseria gonorrhoeae strains were isolated from patients attending private clinics in Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. Out of the 125 gonococcal isolates, 90 (72%) were resistant to penicillin G, 85 (68%) to ampicillin, 70 (56%) to tetracycline, 55 (44%) to erythromycin and 26 (22%) isolates were resistant to gentamicin. All the 125 Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates were susceptible to ceftriaxone, cefuroxime and ofloxacin. Out of the 90 Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates resistant to penicillin, 65 (72.2%) were positive for β-lactamase production (PPNG). The remaining 25 (27.7%) penicillin resistant strains were β-lactamase negative. The findings of this study have shown high prevalence of multi-drug resistant strains of Neisseria gonorrhoeae amongst attendees of private clinics in Zaria.

African Journal of Clinical Experimental Microbiology Vol. 8 (2) 2007: pp. 101-106

Knowledge, attitude and practice of the trainee seafarers to HIV/AIDS and STIs at Apapa Seaport, Lagos

AM Efunsile, OO Oduyebo, WA Oyibo, FT Ogunsola, FA Fatungase, OA Osinupebi

 

Abstract

The epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Nigeria is being fuelled by ignorance and other Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). Little is known about HIV-risk related sexual behavior of the Nigerian sailors. This study describes the baseline knowledge, attitude and practice of the trainee sailors to HIV.
Ninety four (83.2%) of the 113 trainee interviewed consented to participate in voluntary counseling and confidential testing (VCT) programme. Each trainee completed an anonymous self- administered questionnaire and was tested for syphilis, trichomoniasis and HIV.
Seventy one (75.5%) of the respondents were between ages 21-25 years. Twenty three (25%) did not believe that having sex with commercial sex workers puts them at high risk of HIV while eighteen (19.1%) did not believe that condoms were protective. Only ten (10.6%) practiced abstinence while three were homosexual. Despite all these, sixty three (67%) believed that they were at little or no risk of HIV, prevalence of which was found to be 5.3% among them. Seventy one (75.5%), fifteen (16%), twenty (21%) and (20.2% of respondents believed that genital ulcers, gonorrhea, syphilis and HIV respectively were not sexually transmitted. Trichomoniasis and syphilis were found in two (2.1%) and one (1.1%) respondents respectively. Female sex (P=0.002) and trichomoniasis (P=0.017) were found to significantly influence HIV infection.

There was a high level of ignorance about HIV and STIs among respondents. This was further highlighted by the high rate of high-risk behaviors. Therefore, sustained educational programs and promotion of condoms are recommended to address this problem.

African Journal of Clinical Experimental Microbiology Vol. 8 (2) 2007: pp. 94-100

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